Often referred to as ‘the trial that changed South Africa’, the Rivonia Trial led to the imprisonment of numerous important ANC leaders including Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki and Walter Sisulu. The arrests were a significant blow to the ANC and the struggle for liberation, but they also sparked global attention. Watched by the world, the trial focused scrutiny on South Africa and its oppressive regime, increasing pressure against apartheid from the International Community. Maqhubela memorialises this historical event in the powerfully expressive The Fallen Kings. After the group was arrested, police held them under the 90-day detention law. The controversial law allowed the state to hold detainees for 90 days without trial. During this time, the public were not entitled to any information and detainees were often kept in appalling and in-humane conditions.